The Effects of Cognitive and Physical training on Physiological and Psychological Levels of Anxiety in the Female Elderly

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Imam Khomeini International University

2 Department of Sport Sciences, faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University , Qazvin

3 Department of Sport Sciences, faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qavin

Abstract

Abstract

Objectives: the objective of the study was to investigate the effects of cognitive and physical training on physiological and psychological Levels of anxiety in the Elderly.

Methods: Forty-nine aged females were assigned to one of three groups: Cognitive, yoga and control groups. The cognitive training protocol included breathing and imagery/visualization techniques, Yoga practices comprising Asana and Pranaya training, three times a week, for two month. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was given before and after intervention training.

Results: It was indicated that anxiety score in cognitive training was significantly lower than control group (P= 0.002) and also, anxiety score in physical Training was significantly lower than control group (P= 0.01). No significant difference was found between the two training groups (P= 0.18). Furthermore, both training groups had lower galvanic skin resistance (P< 0.001).

Conclusions: It was concluded that the health benefits of yoga aren’t not specific to maintaining physical health, but also extends to lowering the anxiety in elderly with obesity. It was also suggested that cognitive training can mitigate the anxiety symptoms in the elderly while no physical changes were shown in cognitive training.

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